Data security is among the most crucial aspects of a company’s infrastructure. It safeguards sensitive information from hackers and ensures only the right people have access to it. Additionally data security can help organizations adhere to industry standards and maintain customer and employee confidence.
Security measures for data usually consist of an amalgamation of encryption and access control. These tools can help safeguard the integrity, confidentiality and accessibility of data within your organization. Encryption scrambles data to make it unreadable to anyone who does not have the key to decode it. Access control uses roles and policies to restrict database or file level access using the least privilege principle. Other tools, like masking and tokenization, replace sensitive information with less sensitive representations that are still useful to authorized users but that hackers cannot exploit.
Backups and other copies are also necessary to ensure you can recover in the event of cyber-threats or hardware failures. To protect against data loss or changes that are not authorized it is recommended to keep regular, full, and incremental backups in a variety of locations.